Landscapes - William H Wiley

Nature and Wildlife Images in the Wild

Contact Information

William H. Wiley


1221 Rockhurst Dr.

Lincoln, NE 68510

Scrapes on Fallen Aspen Tell a Story

From late September to mid-October, bull elk prepare for the rut season by rubbing their antlers against trees to remove velvet that has grown throughout spring and summer. They also thrash their antlers against branches and tree limbs, a behavior known as “raking,” which marks their territory with a scent from glands near their eyes. Besides strengthening neck muscles, raking is a sign of dominance, showing other bulls in the area that the elk is ready to battle for the right to mate with the cow elk in its harem.